"Grace Rinmecit Pennap is a Senior Lecturer in Microbiology at Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria. She has 34 Peer Reviewed Scientific papers in reputable jurnals and contributed a chapter each in two books. Her main research area is viral epidemiology."


"Parasite establishment is known to be enhanced by immunosuppression. Intestinal parasitic infection among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive individuals has been widely reported as a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. There is dearth of information on the types of intestinal parasites infecting such patients in the study area. This study was therefore a baseline survey of the prevalence of intestinal parasites among HIV positive patients. A total of 200 consenting patients accessing healthcare in a hospital in Central Nigeria were recruited for the study. Fresh stool specimens were examined microscopically to detect motile trophozoites while sediments from formol-ether concentration were examined as iodine wet mounts to detect ova, larvae and cysts. The overall prevalence of infection was 88% with 11 types of parasites detected. Enteric parasites that occurred with a prevalence of ≥20% include Entamoebahistolytica, Ascarislumbricoides, Ancylostomaduodenales, Taeniaspp, and Strongyloidesstercoralis. Helminth infections were more prevalent (51.5%) than protozoan infections (37%) and there were more mixed (65%) than single infections (23%). Sex, age, marital status, occupation, source of drinking water and antiretroviral therapy status were not found to be risk factors for infection in the study area (p≥0.05). Screening of HIV patients for enteric parasites should be included in their healthcare management."

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