Hatem Galal A Ibrahim
Qatar University, Egypt
"Hatem Galal A Ibrahim is an associate professor of Architecture in the Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, College of Engineering, Qatar University, currently on leave from the Department of Architecture, College of Engineering, Helwan University-Cairo - Egypt. He has served in many educational institutions. He received his PhD from the School of Architecture and Building Engineering, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom; in addition, he has worked as a research fellow in California State University, USA. His research focuses on Architectural Design Process and Simulation, Intelligent Buildings, and Sustainable Design. Dr. Hatem has published in several Scientific & Professional Journals, and has worked in many funded projects related to urban development, architectural education, and sustainable design. He is a member of the Institute of Acoustics, England, the Egyptian Architects Association, the Egyptian Society of Engineers, the Committee of Development the Industrial Education (CDIE,) Architectural Branch-Egypt, and the Saudi OMRAN Society. "
"According to the Central Intelligence Agency, Oil and gas have made Qatar the second highest per-capita income country. According to “Public Health Trade Mission, 2010” Qatar consumes over 219 million gallons of water per day, 99% of which comes from desalination plants with an expensive process of water treatment and water consumption. This consumption is expected to reach 380 million gallons per day by 2013. The primary sources of fresh water are ground water and the Arabian Gulf. Surface water is very limited; it is only after a good winter rainfall that water may be found in depressions, wadis and runnels and then only for a short period of time. In line with the previous and as the WWF Global article “Human demand outstrips nature’s supply” cited; the footprint of high income countries is three times that of middle income countries and five times that of low income countries. It is clear that moving the development capacity forward is essential for increasing the economic system output in Qatar. However, managing for sustainability will be impossible without tools that allow us to account for our demand on and supply of; ecological resources for different variables of sustainability, including landscape ecology performance. The paper intends to introduce a descriptive ecology approach for landscape in Qatar based on the characteristic of the country"