National Higher School of Veterinary, Algeria
Ait-Oudhia Khatima obtained his Ph.D. at the age of 30 years at the University of Montpellier I in France. She is assistant Professor at the National Higher School of veterinary. She is responsible for the module "Contagious and Infectious Diseases. She has published over 10 articles in reputable journals and has served as a member of the editorial board of renown.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility to anti-leishmanial agents of 24 strains isolated from dogs living in the urban area of Alger lacking drug selection pressure. Two diff erent Leishmania infantum zymodemes, MON-1 and MON- 281, were identifi ed in these dogs. Th e in vitro susceptibility to the main forms of antimonial and amphotericin were assessed on promastigote and amastigote life stages in culture. Th e results obtained for both parasite life stages were concordant whatever the molecule tested. Moreover, our data showed that isolates belonging to the relatively rare zymodeme of L. infantum, MON- 281, were less susceptible to antimony than MON-1, when at the same time there was no signifi cant diff erence for amphotericin B.