Mubuuke Aloysius Gonzaga
Radiology department, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Uganda.
Introduction: Ultrasound has become a routine part of care for pregnant women in Uganda, being one of a range of techniques used in screening. However, it differs from most others because it allows women to view their babies. One of the main reasons as to why women willingly accept an obstetric scan is to know the gender of their babies. Unfortunately, this may have numerous ethical concerns. This study is aimed at exploring the ethical issues surrounding the use of ultrasound in establishing fetal gender. Methods: Exploratory -descriptive study using semi-structured interviews. Thematic analysis was employed. Results: There were some issues of concern regarding revealing fetal gender like psycho-social effects and false positive results. However, all participants pointed out the need for regulations and guidelines regarding disclosing fetal gender during obstetric sonography. Conclusion: There is need for policy guidance as far as disclosing fetal sex is concerned. Health workers, women and the general public need to be sensitized about the ethical issues of this practice as well.