Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, USA
Qinwen Mao received her Ph.D. in Physiology and M.D. from the Fourth Military Medical University in China in 1997. She obtained her postgraduate training at the University of Iowa, followed by combined Anatomic Pathology and Neuropathology training at UT Southwestern Medical Center. She is currently an Assistant Professor at the Department of Pathology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. Her research focuses on gene therapy for genetic disorders, and viral therapy for brain tumors. She has published over 40 papers in reputed journals.
Many lysosomal storage diseases (LSDs) have devastating consequences. Although enzyme replacement therapy is a potential treatment option, this approach needs repeated injection for the lifetime of the patients. Th e gene-addition strategy using viral vectors has the potential for long-term expression of the therapeutic protein, however, serious adverse eff ects, e.g., immune response to in vivo administered viral vectors, and insertional activation of proto-oncogenes, can occur. An alternative to gene addition that can minimize the oncogenic risk of gene therapy is targeted gene correction via homologous recombination. Zincfi nger nucleases (ZFNs) show promise as reagents that can mediate high-frequency homologous recombination in the presence of a donor. Th is technique has shown success in ex vivo correction of a disease-causing mutation by using induced pluripotent stem cells, which can be useful for the treatment of diseases aff ecting cells that can be removed and returned to the patient. However, many LSDs might need in vivo gene correction in aff ected organs, which requires the effi cient introduction of gene-targeting components (i.e., ZFNs and donor fragment) in vivo. We utilized adenovirus, a high-effi ciency and safe vector with suffi cient size to fi t both ZFN and donor to mediate gene correction in vivo. We have overcome the challenges of packing both ZFN and donor in a single adenovirus and producing the ZFN expressing adenovirus with high titer. We also showed that this novel system effi ciently mediates targeted genome editing. In summary, adenovirus can be a promising vector for in vivo gene correction in disease-aff ected organs in lysosomal storage diseases.