R Mahender Kumar
Directorate of Rice Research, India
R .Mahendra Kumar Senior Scientist inDepartment of Agronomy Directorate of Rice Research Rajendranagar.Area of Specialization in Management of rice and rice based cropping system.Active Field of Work in Developing suitable SRI Methodology for wide scale adaptability in India. Major Achievements : Worked in Japan for a period of 9 months on rice cultivation technology.cultivation technology. ‘P’ management in rice and rice based cropping system. Development of leaf color chat for ‘N’ management in rice. Agro technology for hybrid rice cultivation .Package of practices for SRI cultivation.
Rice productivity will get affected due to climate change induced higher temperatures which will increase crops water requirements and further every 10 C increase in mean temperature results in corresponding 7% decline in rice yield and sustainability. Hence, there is a need to identify and popularize suitable technologies for promoting sustainability especially in rice which consumes more than 50% of the total irrigation water for agriculture in India. Experiments were conducted at Directorate of Rice Research, Hyderabad, India during 2008-10 (4 seasons) to assess the potential of System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in comparison to standard normal transplanting (NTP) under flooded condition. Long term studies clearly indicated that grain yield was significantly higher in SRI-organic + inorganic (12-23% and 4-35% in Kharif and Rabi seasons, respectively) while in the SRI-organic, the yield was found higher (4-34%) only in the Rabi seasons over NTP. Sustainable yield indices (SYI) were computed based on the 4 years of grain yield recorded over the years clearly indicated the superiority of SRI (inorganic + organic) over Normal transplanted with similar inputs. Further SRI method is more stable interms of the sustainability (0.56) over NTP with similar inputs (0.52). By taking in to account all the factors that determine the adoption of SRI such as proper locations, soil conditions, water control facilities etc., it may be possible to cover about 10% of total rice area (about 4.0 m ha) in India which can bring about tremendous benefits for the country in terms of input use efficiency and sustainability. There could be enormous saving in seed (80,000 tonnes of seeds annually equivalent to RS.200 crores per season) and the system also helps us to save about 30% water which is equivalent to 2200 million m3 besides, soil health improvement which would be a biggest bonus in adopting SRI.