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Biography

Rama Prasad. J. has worked in S V Veterinary University, at Tirupati, AP ,in different positions for more than 35 years and retired as professor and University Head of Animal Nutrition department. Under his chairmanship, 14 students obtained MVSc and 3 students doctoral degree. As principal investigator he completed 8 research schemes sponsored by various national and international organizations. He had an excellent academic record and conferred with honors’ like FNAVS (2002),best researcher(2005) and best teacher (2006) He has published more than 87 research papers in reputed journals and serving as an editorial board member of journals of repute. At present he is working as professor, Animal Science, Ambo University, Ethiopia.

Abstract

India with 328.73 million hectares geographical area is endowed with diverse livestock (485 million) wealth. At present India is the largest milk producer in the world with105 million metric tons per annum .In spite, of this, there is deficit of milk and meat production to meet the recommended daily allowances (RDA) of milk and meat consumption. Hence, there is need to enhance livestock production, which justifies the increase in the livestock population. But the main impediments are low genetic makeup and insufficiency of feed and fodder resources for livestock feeding.
The Government of India has initiated several research projects for efficient utilization of feeds. To meet the gigantic and challenging task of providing the quality forage for livestock, there is definite need to increase forage production per unit area through encouraging high yielding forages in mixed crop- livestock farming systems. General strategies for utilization of available crop residues and nonconventional feed resources (NCFR) are by proper storage, processing, harvesting at right time, conservation and judicious usage. Nutritional strategies are development of complete rations for effective utilization of feed resources. Compressed feed blocks and use of expander-etruder processing of complete feeds is another strategy. Development of package of practices by strategic supplementation of specific deficit of nutrients at catalytic level is another strategy. Feeding of by-pass proteins and by-pass fats in the rations of high yielding cross bred cows is alternative strategy. Use of bio technological products like pro-biotics and pre- biotics and parental application of bovine somototropin (BST) to dairy animals can dramatically change the milk and meat production status.<>br These strategic measures will certainly ensure the increased availability of feed and fodder resources as well as their effective utilization for improved milk and meat production from indigenous live stock.

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