Aligarh Muslim University, India
Shahab Shabbir is a research scholar in International Environmental Law with the Aligarh Muslim University in India. He has earned BA.LLB, LL.M (Environmental Law), PG Diploma in Mass Communication, PG Dip. in West Asian Studies, Dip. in Photography, Dip. in Bahai Studies and Dip. in Christian Evangelical Studies. Before joining as a researcher, he worked as a Lecturer in a Law College in Meerut and then acted as a Law Officer in an MNC. Shahab Shabbir is an ardent environmentalist and believes himself as one in the series of next generation of sustainability leaders which is evident with his zeal to work towards the protection of Environment through many non-conventional tactics, the remarkable being the interfaith dialogue processes and the social activism. He has published six research papers so far in the journals of national and International repute and has attended numerous conferences, symposiums, workshops and seminars where he always sticks to his core ideas of Environmental Rights, Legal protection of Environment, Sustainability, Interfaith Dialogues, Media’s role in promotion of Environment protection and awareness of the common people regarding the protection, conservation and maintenance of their environment by the way of social activism. Shahab Shabbir is also associated with many international organizations. He is the national leader of Khudai Khidmatgar, a historical movement that started in the first quarter of the 19th century and is now popular for its all round secular social activism in India. Besides this, Shahab Shabbir is also the convener of Green Deen Believer’s International, which is an initiative for the protection, and conservation of the environment through the inter-faith dialogue process, a task that truly reflects the core interest of his expertise.
Wetland assumes prominent significance in maintaining not only the ecological balance, but is also responsible for the providence and provision of a sustainable environment. Being the most productive ecosystem in the biodiversity realm, wetlands directly and indirectly supports millions of people in providing various services that are pertinent to their existence. They have potential interference with the lives of the civilized inhabitants of the land. For an agrarian and fast developing nation as India, wetlands hold much importance to be considered as a subject of sincere conservation initiatives. The judicial paraphernalia in India has been painstakingly engaged in carving basic human rights to a sustainable environment out of traditional avenues of constitutional rights since a couple of decades. This motion has been made possible by placing the international environmental law and the right based approaches in the tentative place of a grund norm. The role of biodiversity is inevitable to ignore if the sustainability issues lead the table discussion. There can be little doubt about the seriousness of the threats that biodiversity in general and wetlands in particular as well as human rights are under due to the actions of humans. The wetlands in India, for whom the common public perception is mere breeding ground for mosquitoes and a large pit for the drains to terminate, are diminishing at an alarming rate owing largely to the predations of a profit-driven economy, weak political will and unavailability of strict legislations on the one hand, and the continuous unabated atrocities of humans on their own race by means of new but careless innovations and practices on the other. The growing influential environmental movements have fashioned the perception of human rights by expanding the traditional concepts of judicial entitlements to the avenues of establishment of a concrete notion of basic rights that is supposed to deal solely with the sustainability. Nevertheless, it is not enough and ample to deal with the menace. The limitation of environmental jurisprudence in India, particularly with the conservation of wetlands needs to be address at the first instance. It can be made possible by providing a momentum towards attaining the sophistication in the biodiversity laws that is all set to end up with the legal precepts of human rights to a sustainable environment against the well-approved trend of the sustainable development. This paper browses through the indispensability of the protection and conservation of India’s wetlands and the feasibility of their potential interference in the environmental jurisprudence for the possibilities of establishment and promotion of exclusive human rights for the sustainable environment in the context of legal tenets and judicial discourses in India. Key Words: Wetlands, Water, Biodiversity, Enviro-human rights, Judiciary, Environmental Justice, Sustainability, Constitutionalism