Sonia Betzabeth Ticona Benavente
University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
Sonia Betzabeth Ticona Benavente is a Doctoral student of Adults Health Program (PROESA) of School of Nursing at the University of Sao Paulo. She obtained Master of Science in Nursing by School of Nursing at the University of Sao Paulo and Bachelor of Science in Nursing by University of San Agustin of Arequipa.
Purpose: To verify if gender differences exist in the perception of stress and coping strategies, and to investigate if gender and coping strategies are associated with the intensity of stress in patients with colorectal cancer. Methods: Th is was a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. Th e sample was composed of 100 patients (47 women and 53 men). Th e instruments used included a questionnaire on socio-demographic and clinical data, a perceived stress scale (PSS-10) and Folkman and Lazarus coping strategies inventory. For statistical analysis the Chi-squared test was used, Pearsons correlation and linear regression with 95% confidence interval to evaluate the correlation between stress, coping and gender. Results: Women were identified as having higher levels of stress, with this difference being statistically significant (p=0.029). Regarding to coping strategies, while there was no statistically significant difference (p=0.05), men used them in greater number. Upon correlating stress with coping strategies, a positive correlation as identified with the coping domain (p=0.001), and a negative correlation was identified with the problem-solving and positive-reevaluation domains (p=0.002 and p=0.006, respectively). Finally, it was identified that gender does not influence the variation of stress, but does influence the coping strategies used. Conclusion: Th rough these results, it can be asserted that women perceive situations of stress more intensely, while men use a greater number of coping strategies. Th e use of coping strategies directed to problem-solving and positive-reevaluation reduced stress levels. Therefore, interventions by health teams should be oriented toward motivating and strengthening the use of these resources by patients.