Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China
Zengzhen Wang got MD and MPH from original Tongji medical university in 1979 and 1986 in China. She is a professor in dept. of epidemiology and health statistics and a senior psychological consultant in mental health center, Tongji medical college, Huazhong University of science and technology. She has been studying drug abuse intervention and prevention since 1995 and got many drug related projects funded by NSFC. She published 56 papers and 3 books related to behavior. Her new book, “Psychological Treatment for Addictive Behaviors - Operational Guidelines and Cases” will be published in May in People’s Health Publisher in Beijing.
To reduce heroin relapse, we developed a question-oriented Motivation-Skill-Desensitization-mental Energy (MSDE) intervention model and operational guideline. This model, involving methods of Motivational Interview (MI), Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP), mindfulness, etc., includes patient group therapy, family psychological education and follow-up encouragement. Patient group therapy contains the following three aspects: (1) enhancing motivation and skills to abstain by question-oriented discussions, activities or games, role play, offering some successful abstaining models, teaching them new concepts and knowledge, sharing feelings, summary, homework and so on; (2) desensitization by utilizing Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing and asking patients to recall drug related feelings simultaneously; (3) increasing mental energy by evoking, feeling, releasing negative emotions, psychic connections with themselves and others, recognizing their value and implanting positive belief and so on through methods of question-oriented mindfulness, timeline reimprinting and some other activities. Altogether, the group therapy has 14 topics with 24 sessions over four weeks (six days per week and five hours per day). Family psychological education includes discussion and communication with patients’ family by telephone and letters. Regarding the follow-up encouragement, phone callings are given regularly after patients’ discharge to confirm their achievements, encourage them to keep going and offer some suggestions. The short term results showed that heroin patients were satisfied with our treatment, the scores of negative emotion and drug related personality, and relapse rate at three month follow-up declined (see Peng’s paper). These findings suggested that this model could be valuable for heroin relapse prevention and worth further studies.