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Biography

Abdekrim Berroukche is currently a Lecturer and Teacher-Researcher, Biology Department, Faculty of Science, University of Saida, Algeria. He has received his PhD in Cell Biology and Nutrition (with Oncology option) from University of Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria. He is Member of Editorial Board of two scientific reviews and is a Peer Reviewer in several journals. He has 32 publications: 30 journal articles and 2 books. He is the Head of research team affiliated to Laboratory of Water Resources and Environment, Biology Department, Faculty of Science, University of Saida, Algeria.

Abstract

Background & Aim: Diabetes mellitus is a common disease, treated either with insulin or oral anti-diabetics which have undesirable eff ects because of their chemical composition. As an alternative, diabetes could be treated by medicinal plants. This study aimed to assess the eff ects of Trigonella foenum graecum (TFG) seeds aqueous extract on biochemical parameters in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

Materials & Methods: A population of forty (40) rats was divided into 4 groups; normal control, experiment control (diabetic rats by STZ), diabetic treated with TFG at the dose 1 mL (100 mg/mL) and non-diabetic treated (TFG). During 30 days of experiments, body weight and biochemical parameters were measured and statistically analyzed using SigmaPlot soft ware.

Results: No signifi cant diff erence in body weight was observed in diabetics animals (168±8.5 g/L) and animals treated with TGF (167±4.7 g/L). Significant decrease in blood glucose (1.16±0.15 g/L), triglycerides (0.64±0.21 g/L), serum urea (0.38±0.19 g/L) and creatinine (8.02 mg/L) levels were reported in diabetics treated with TFG compared to diabetic animals non-treated.

Conclusion: Trigonella foenum-graecum was able to regulate and maintain glycaemia and lipid profi le at normal levels at diabetic animals.