University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill,
Amir Alishahitabriz, after getting his medical degree, he worked for 4 years as a physician in most deprived area in Middle East. In parallel with that he worked as research director for a few national wide projects. He got his MPH from Department of Health Policy and Management, The Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and currently he is a PhD candidate in Department of Health Policy and Management, The Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in Organization and Implementation Science track.
Overweight and obesity in the children is a global problem. Besides physical effects, obesity has harmful psychological effects on children. We conducted a cross-sectional community-based study to investigate the relationship of Body Mass Index (BMI) with cognitive functioning in preschool children. Thirteen socio-economical elements of 1151 children was measured and analyzed based on their intelligence quantities (IQ) test results. Thirteen out of 33 provinces were selected randomly and schools selected as the clusters in rural and urban areas. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and regression were used when appropriate. Our analysis showed that IQ was associated with, Household income, Place of Residence, Previous, Delivery Type, Infant Feeding, Father’s educational level and Mother’s educational level (P < 0.001 for all). With using penalized linear regression for eliminating the impact of confounding factor, our study shows, living in Metropolitan (β = 2.411) and urban area (β = 2.761), level of participants’ fathers education (β = 5.251) was positively and BMI (β = -0.594) was negatively related with IQ test results. The findings of present study showed that a lower IQ score is associated with higher BMI. Although this relation appears to be largely mediated when socioeconomic, status considered.
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