Celia Pereira Caldas
Rio de Janeiro State University, Brazil
Celia Caldas had her graduate degree in Nursing Science from Rio de Janeiro State University in 1982, her master's degree in Collective Health from the same University in 1993 and the PhD in Nursing Science from Federal University of Rio de Janeiro in 2000. Celia Caldas is an Associate Professor in Nursing Science at the Nursing Faculty (under graduate and graduate programs), and at the Medical Sciences School Graduate Program, Rio de Janeiro State University, Brasil. Her research area includes Gerontological Nursing, Family Care, Health and well-being, Nursing/caring theory and empiric nursing, concepts, elderly social issues and community care aspects.
Background: Understanding life transitions are important to help people to achieve their develop-mental needs. No studies have examined the patterns of responses to life transitions, eliciting the experiences of growing old of retired Brazilian older adults.
Aim: To identify and describe the patterns of responses to life transitions of retired Brazilian older adults.
Design: Using a theoretical perspective of transition as a guide, a qualitative, secondary narrative research design was in-corporated to obtain data from 11 interviews.
Method: Initial data collection took place during a broader study on the influence of people's working life history. Eleven autonomous and independent persons, 64 -82 years old, were interviewed at a geriatric outpatient unit in Rio de Janeiro to obtain their perceptions of old age. The secondary, narrative holistic-content analysis focused on the patterns of responses to life transitions. Results: The first turning point was a childhood event and the next was their first job. The third turning point was moving to another place/house or an-other city, the fourth starting a family, and retirement was the last turning point.
Conclusions: While older people may feel environmentally disconnected throughout life, their patterns of response, together with the available resources and prevention/interventions influence the transition process. Health Promotion actions are needed at vulnerable points during the transition process, thereby facilitating the health outcomes.