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Ebru Ozturk Copur

Ebru Ozturk Copur

Hacettepe University, Turkey

Title: Adult health-using of solution focused brief therapy on bullying in schools

Biography

Born in 1987 in Turkey and I graduated at 2010 from Nursing Faculty of Hacettepe University. Then I took my master degree at 2013 from the same university and now I am making doctorate. My department is community health nursing

Abstract

Bullying among children has become a serious issue in schools today and a universal phenomenon that is affecting an extraordinary number of school-aged children in the world. Bullying can have large and important effects on both the bullies and their victims as depression, anxiety, sleeping disorders, school achievement and these effects appear to have lifelong consequences. Bullying is also a family issue, as the family environment has a major impact on the way children view the world, and this includes the development of both violent and victimizing behaviors. Because bullying is a behavior often impacted by family environment, it seems only logical that intervention and prevention of this issue could be successfully. Olweus (1993) defined bullying as a behavior that leaves a child “exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more other students” . He further explained a “negative action” as a behavior that “intentionally inflicts, or attempts to afflict, injury or discomfort upon another” . A negative action can be carried out verbally, as in threatening, teasing, name calling, or in physical forms such as hitting, kicking, pushing, shoving, and making faces or gestures. Numerous intervention programs have been developed to help children about bullying problem. One of them is Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT).The principles of SFBT were developed by Steve de Shazer and Insoo Kim Berg at the Brief Family Therapy Center in Milwaukee (de Shazer, 1991). In their clinical work with couples and families, de Shazer and Berg discovered that clients’ concerns were resolved most effectively when therapists focused on the solution rather than the problem. They found that it was more effective to deliberately and skilfully focus attention on solutions rather than focus on the problem. They did this by encouraging the conversation to concentrate around three main areas. First is past successes and exceptions to the problem, second is existing skills and positive personal qualities and the last one is the preferred future. SFBT techniques are simple to implement and can be used by counselors who have different levels of experience to generate a satisfactory outcome for clients. Nowadays school health professionals especially nurses use SFBT because of some reasons. One of them is SFBT using are simple. The other one is you can see the improvement in a short time. Also adolescents don’t like talking the negative behaviour or situation so SFBT is acceptable for them. SFBT emphazises pozitive behaviour and strengths to find the solutions. School is an important setting for the promotion of social skills and children’s health. The role is school nurses for the promote health and stop the bullying is very important. Because the relationship between the students and nurses in schools is very influential. School nurses should take a course and gain qualification and then should use SFBT to stop bullying in schools.