Edilaine C Silva Gherardi Donato
University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
Edilaine C Silva Gherardi Donato has completed her PhD from University of Sao Paulo and Post-Doctoral studies from University of Alberta, Canada. She is an Associate Professor at Department of Psychiatric Nursing and Human Sciences University Of Sao Paulo - Who Collaborating Centre for Nursing Research Development. She has published more than 40 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an Editorial Board Member of repute in Brazil. Her research projects are focused on work stress and mental health promotion.
Introduction: The experiences of childhood and adolescence may be determinants for health in adulthood. Studies have shown that the occurrence of early life stress is associated with higher prevalence of physical and mental health diseases. Objectives: The study aimed to analyze the prevalence and association between early life stress and occupational stress among technical and nursing assistants at a University hospital. Methods: The sample consisted of 310 nursing assistants and technicians working in a Brazilian University Hospital. For evaluation of occupational stress and early life stress were applied the Job Stress Scale (JSS) and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). The data were submitted to descriptive and analytical statistics. Results: Participants were mostly women (76.1%), with a mean age of 47.1 years (SD 10.94), married or living with a partner (58.1%), with children (74.5%), nursing assistants (85.5%), with only employment (79.4%), were attended by medical consultation last year (88.4%) and had off work in the last year (50.0%). 17.1% of the sample were highly exposed to occupational stress. The occurrence of early stress was 31.3%. The association between occupational stress and stress early indicated that nursing assistants and technicians with a history of early life stress has 2.2 times more likely to have occupational stress in relation to professionals who have not been exposed to early life stress (OR=2.20, 95%, p=0.010). Conclusions: The results showed that early life stress is a risk factor for occupational stress among nursing professionals.