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Biography

Hsin-Yin, Hsu has been Graduated from Medicine department of Chang Gung University in Taiwan, Hsin-Yin, Hsu as Medical Doctor, with the specialties including Family Medicine, Hospice Palliative Medicine. Later on she started working at The Mackay Memorial Hospital, Department of Family Medicine where she has continued her research. Presently she is working at the in the Taipei City.

Abstract

Elderly adults are at a higher risk of functional decline and malnutrition, especially those who are hospitalized. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of serum albumin levels on functional status and hospital outcome in oldest-old inpatients. All the acutely ill patients aged more than 75 years admitted to the medical center in North Taiwan from March to July in 2009 were included and their medical data were reviewed. A total of 2804 admissions was included with the mean age of patients being 82.0 ± 5.4 years. The main activity of daily living score is 1.5 ± 1.9 in the most severe hypoalbuminemia group, 2.3 ± 2.2 in the mild hypo-group, and 3.8 ± 2.3 in the normal group (p < 0.01). The average length of hospital stay is 18.8 ± 16.0 days in the most severe hypoalbuminemia group, 12.8 ± 12.6 days in the mild hyp-group, and 9.5 ± 9.8 days in the normal group (p < 0.01). The in-hospital mortality rate is 25.8% in the severe hypoalbuminemia group, 6.6% in the mild
hypo-group, and 2.0% in the normal group (p < 0.01). Compared with the normal albumin group, the adjusted odds ratios of albumin level associated with in-hospital mortality were 3.9 in the mild hypo-group and 17.4 in the severe hypo-group. In this admission database study of oldest-old patients, lower albumin level was statistically significant (p < 0.01) correlated with poorer functional status, longer length of hospital stay, and higher in-hospital mortality rate.