Back

Biography

Inna Afasizheva has received her PhD from Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences. She is a Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology at Boston
University Medical Campus, USA. She has published more than 30 papers in high ranking journals.

Abstract

The majority of mitochondrial pre-mRNAs in trypanosomes undergo massive uridine insertion/deletion editing to create
open reading frames. Although required, editing is not sufficient to produce most of translationally-competent mitochondrial
mRNAs. Pre and post-editing adenylation and uridylation reactions are essential for mRNA stabilization and ribosome recruitment.
Adenylation prior to editing by KPAP1 poly(A) polymerase stabilizes transcripts that are edited beyond few initial sites, while A/Utailing
by KPAP1 and RET1 TUTase commits the fully-edited mRNA for translation. Temporal separation of these events suggests
that a mechanism must exist to prevent premature A/U-tailing and to couple the completion of editing with A/U-tailing. To identify
protein factors responsible for mRNA 3' modification and coordination with editing, we built a comprehensive protein interactions
network of mRNA polyadenylation, editing and translation complexes. RNAi knockdowns, in vivo RNA binding sites mapping and
in vitro reconstitution indicate that pre-mRNA is initially stabilized by binding of a specific pentatricopeptide repeat-containing
protein (PPR). This factor, termed Kinetoplast Polyadenylation Factor 3 (KPAF3), defines the 3' end of pre-edited mRNA by impeding
mRNA degradation by the 3' processome. KPAF3 also stimulates KPAP1’s poly(A) polymerase activity to ensure that only A-tailed
mRNAs proceed through the editing pathway. We also identified a distinct PPR factor, KPAF4, that binds to a junction between
the mRNA and poly(A) tail and blocks premature A/U-tailing. These findings will be presented in a context of integrating editing,
polyadenylation and uridylation processes with mRNA selection by the ribosome.