Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Jean-Guillaume Eon completed his PhD from Université de Technologie de Compiègne (France) in 1984. He is the director of a research group on Oxidation Catalysis at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He has published more than 60 papers in chemistry and crystallography journals and has been serving as an editorial board member for Acta Crystallographica, Section A.
Topological properties of crystal structures may be analyzed at several levels, depending on the representation and the topology that have been assigned to the crystal. We consider here the combinatorial or bond-topology derived from the underlying net, which is independent of its embedding in space. Periodic nets representing one-dimensional complexes, or the associated graphs, characterize the skeleton of chemical bonds within the crystal. By topological features we mean the different possible building units that can be used to describe a crystal structure and the mode of connection between these units, independently of the geometrical details of the structure. Such building units can be finite or infinite, corresponding to one-, two- or even three-periodic subnets. Examples of infinite units include linear chains or sheets of corner- or edge-sharing polyhedra. Periodic nets can be represented by their labelled quotient graphs. This presentation will deal with the trace or projection of building units on labelled quotient graphs. Decomposing periodic nets into their building units relies on graph-theoretical methods classiﬁed as surgery techniques. The most relevant operations are edge subdivision, vertex identiﬁcation, edge contraction and decoration. Instead, these operations can be performed on labelled quotient graphs, evidencing in almost a mechanical way the nature and connection mode of building units in the derived net. Various examples will be discussed with the visual support provided by the program package TOPOS, ranging from ﬁnite building blocks to three-periodic subnets. Among others, the structures of strontium oxychloride, spinel, lithiophylite and garnet will be addressed.