Sichuan University, China
Jiang Xiaolian completed her PhD in 2004 from School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. She is the Professor of West China School of Nursing, Sichuan University, China. She has published more than 100 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an Editorial Board Member of five nursing journals. She is the Vice-Chairman of Nursing Education Committee, Chinese Nursing Association and the chairman of Nursing Education Committee, Sichuan Nursing Association.
Objective: To examine the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its predictive factors among Tibetan adolescents in most heavily hit area three years after Yushu earthquake. Method: A cross sectional study was adopted. 4072 Tibetan adolescents in the most heavily hit area of Yushu earthquake, Jigu Zhen were surveyed. Socio-demographic Questionnaire, Earthquake Exposure Questionnaire, the Internality, Powerful other, Chance Scale, Coping Style Scale, Social Support Appraisal and PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C) were delivered. Besides, the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Disorders (SCID) was used by psychiatrists to confirm the PTSD diagnosis. Statistical analysis was performed by using SPSS 22.0. Result: The mean scores of PCL-C and its three subscales (re-experiencing, avoidance and hyper- arousal) were 32.0 (25.0, 41.0), 11.0 (8.0, 14.0), 11.0 (9.0, 15.0), 10.0 (7.0, 13.0) respectively. The prevalence rate of PTSD was 9.70% (n=395). Significant predictive factors for the total score of PCL-C include age, earthquake exposure, powerful others, imagination, abreaction, endurance, seeking help, support from family members, and support from others. Significant predictive factors for PTSD incidence include earthquake exposure, powerful others, imagination, abreaction, endurance, support from family members and support from others. Conclusion: The prevalence rate of PTSD among Tibetan adolescents in most heavily hit area three years after Yushu earthquake was 9.70%. Age, earthquake exposure, locus of control, coping style, and social support were its significant predicting factors.