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Jin Wang

Jin Wang

Stony Brook University, United States

Title: The landscape and flux theory for biological networks

Biography

Dr. Jin Wang is a Professor of Chemistry and Physics at Stony Brook University. He has finished B.S., (Physics) in year of 1984 at Jilin University China. He has done his Ph.D. in Astrophysics from University of Illinois and held the position of Post Doctor Research Associate (Chemistry and Biological physics), from 1991-1996, University of Illinois. He worked as a Guest Scientist at National Institutes of Health and was the Vice President and Senior Analyst at Citibank from 1997-2005. He also holds the position of Adjunct Professor (Physics and Credit Management), at Jilin University, China and Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Science. He is also an Adjunct Professor in the departments of Applied Mathematics and Harriman College of Business, at SUNY Stony Brook. He had previously worked as an Adjunct Professor (Chemistry), SUNY Stony Brook during 1999-2004. He was awarded with National Science Foundation Career Award in 2005. He is a fellow of American Physical Society and American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Abstract

We developed a landscape and flux theory for biological networks. We identify the two global driving forces for biological network. One is the gradient of the underlying landscape and the other is from the curl flux. The underlying landscape is linked to the steady state probability distribution and provides a global picture for describing the networks. We found that the landscape can be used to quantify the global stability and robustness of the system. The non-zero flux breaks the detailed balance and therefore gives a quantitative measure of how far away the system is from the equilibrium state, reflecting the degree of the energy input to the system. Our decomposition of the driving forces of the complex systems into landscape gradient and curl flux establishes the link between the dynamics and the underlying thermodynamic non-equilibrium natures. We applied our theory to several biological systems such as cell cycle, stem cell differentiation and reprograming, cancer. For cell cycle oscillations, we found the underlying landscape has a Mexican hat ring shape topology. The height of the center island Mexican hat determines the global stability. The landscape gradient attracts the system down to the oscillation ring. The curl flux is the driving force for coherent oscillation on the ring. Along the cell cycle oscillation ring there are a few basins of attractions which can be identified and quantitatively described as the G1, SG2 and M phases. The barriers between these local basins become the check points of the cell cycle. The speed of the cycle is determined by the flux originated from nutrition and the barriers at the check points between the basins. Global sensitivity analysis on these two global factors gives us information on key genes and regulations determining the function. From this, new anti-cancer strategy can be designed aiming at reducing the speed of the cell cycle. We also applied our landscape and flux theory to stem cell differentiation and development. We quantify the Waddington landscape for differentiation and identify the stem cell and differentiation basins of attractions. We quantify the differentiation and reprograming path for a human embryonic stem cell network and identify the key genes and regulations. We also constructed a cancer gene network and quantify the landscape for cancer where we identify the normal, cancer and apoptosis basins of attractions. We quantify the major pathways of cancerization and identify the key genes and regulations responsible.

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