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Kaukab Azeem

Kaukab Azeem

Assistant Professor (v), Physical Education Department King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia.

Title: Obesity management for quality of life

Biography

Dr.Kaukab Azeem is basically from Hyderabad, India and received his Ph.D
from Osmania University, India in the year 2006. He is currently working as
Assistant Professor (v) in Physical Education Department at the King Fahd
University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Strong expertise in lecturing fitness/ health education, nutrition, sport activities, weight training, and other health & physical education courses. Dr.Kaukab had produced outstanding bodybuilders’ of National & International reputation and trained many top sportsmen as a fitness coach. Dr.Kaukab possessesstrong background in fitness & bodybuilding as a former bodybuilder and an International fitness & bodybuilding (AFBF) Coach/Judge & a university chief coach. He had won Gold medal in the International strength lifting championship at Kingdom of Bahrain, Feb 2015. Also honor in receiving Best teacher award 2015 at King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Saudi Arabia. Received Best research paper award at International Conference on Sports Medicine and Fitness from March 23-25, 2015 at Chicago, USA. Dr.Kaukab had recently awarded for his excellent services to the development of Sports Science by the Directors of Board of International Science Culture and Sport Association, Turley, 2017. Kaukab’s research work has a focus on strength training, aerobics, fitness performance, obesity and changes in body Composition. He is also serving as a supervisor for students M.Phil and Ph.D program. He has published numerous papers in scientific journals, and also invited as speaker in many International Conferences around the Globe and attended Pre-Olympic Congress at China 2008 and London 2012.

Abstract

Obesity is lifestyle disease which is on the rise around the globe. Early prevention of obesity may ovoid many diseases i.e. Coronary heart disease and diabetes. Obesity is preventable and reverse-able. Obesity is classified as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater. (Yingxue C, & etal, 2015) Obesity affects people's health and leads to diseases i.e. high blood pressure, diabetes, and various cardiovascular diseases [5]. Obesity is a chronic disease and growing threat globally (K.Azeem & etal, 2015) [3]. American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) Guidelines; Frequency: 3 to 5 days/week, Duration: 20 to 60 min/day, Intensity: 50% to 90% of aerobic capacity (VO2max), Mode: large muscle groups, continuous, aerobic capacity. (Guo Siqiang, 2017), investigated and reveals that the Combined exercise training appears to play a vital role in reducing the risk factors of cardio-vascular diseases in elderly women’s with hypertension [2]. (Dennis T, 2017) reveals that the weight loss plus combined aerobic and resistance exercise was the most effective in improving functional status of obese older adults [1]. Causes of obesity:  Obesity is generally caused by eating too much and moving too little. Moreover the following are the main causes of obesity; Imbalance of calories intake, poor diet, lack of activity, stress, lack of sleep, genetics, medical reasons and poor life style. Obesity statistics:  According to world health organization (WHO) stated that in the year 2016, more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older, were overweight. Of these over 650 million were obese.  Furthermore interestingly 39% of adults aged 18 years and over were overweight in 2016, and 13% were obese [4]. Cardio-vascular diseases (CVDs) Number 1 cause of death globally. More people die annually from CVDs than any other causes.  An estimated 17.5 million people died from CVDs (WHO, 22 Sep, 2016). (Reviewed November 2016 by WHO), in 2012, an estimated deaths due to diabetes were 1.5 million and 2.2 million deaths were attributable to high blood glucose[4].  Obesity management: Exercise, diet and lifestyle. Health Benefits of Exercise: Reduces the risk of coronary artery disease & hypertension. Lower the blood pressure, Increase HDL cholesterol & lower LDL cholesterol. Greater cardiac output will able to deliver more blood to tissue. Longevity – greater life expectancy and increases metabolism rate. In conclusion, obesity is a worldwide problem. Lately, medical reports consider it as a disease that could lead to many serious health issues such as diabetes, heart problems, and blood pressure. So people should monitor and maintain their food intake, exercise daily and manage healthy lifestyle.