Leonardo P. Chamorro
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Leonardo P Chamorro is Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering in the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He is affiliated in the departments of Aerospace Engineering, and Civil and Environmental Engineering. He has published over thirty peer-reviewed articles in leading journals and is serving as Associate Editor of the Journal of Energy Engineering, and as Academic Editor and member of the Editorial Board of the journal Energies. He leads the Renewable Energy and Turbulent Environment Group, and has developed a versatile experimental approach that combines state-of-the-art techniques, including 2D/3D PIV, computer vision, and 3D particle tracking velocimetry.
Systematic experiments were carried out to uncover the physical processes modulating the onset of instability and development of turbulence over 2D and 3D sinusoidal roghness/walls. High-resolution particle image velocimetry in a refractive-index-matching flume was used to quantify high-order statistics. The 2D wall is described by a wave in the streamwise direction with amplitude to wavelength a/λx=0.05. The 3D wall is deﬁned with a a/λy=0.1 spanwise wave superimposed on the 2D wall. The ﬂow was characterized at roughness Reynolds numbers Rek=320-340 to capture the onset of transition; while the developing and developed flows were quantified at Re=4000 and 40000, based on the bulk velocity and the flume half height. Instantaneous velocity ﬁelds, turbulence quantities and POD reveal strong coupling between the topography and the turbulence dynamics. The spanwise superimposed mode on the 2D roughness topology is found to play a dominant role on the location of the flow instability and the dynamics leading to turbulence. In the developed flow, turbulence statistics show the presence of a well-structured shear layer that enhances the turbulence for the 2D wavy wall, whereas the 3D wall exhibits diﬀerent ﬂow dynamics and signiﬁcantly lower turbulence levels, where turbulent shear stress shows 30% reduction. The likelihood of recirculation bubbles, levels and spatial organization of turbulence, and the rate of the turbulent kinetic energy production are shown to be severely aﬀected in the 3D wall.
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