M. Athar Ansari
Aligarh Muslim University, India
After completing Doctor of Medicine course in Community Medicine at the prestigious Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India in 1998, he joined the faculty in the Deptt. of Community Medicine, J.N. Medical College in 1999. He is teaching undergraduate and postgraduate medical students and also involved in training of medical interns in rural health programmes. He is also involved in the research activities directed towards micronutrient deficiencies, HIV/AIDS, disaster management and environmental health issues. He has got 70 papers published in the reputed journals of which 20 research papers are published in international journals including Journal of Royal Society of Health Promotion, England and Journal of Child Health Care of Sage Publication. He has presented papers in 06 international conferences in Bangkok, Singapore, Colombo and Dhaka and more than 100 papers in national conferences/ symposia/ workshops/ courses. He is working with high risk groups for HIV/AIDS like men having sex with men, drug addicts and commercial sex workers. He is also helping children suffering from eye problems with Kids with Vision, USA. He is life member of various public health organizations. He has authored eight books on public health issues. He is also working in the field of nuclear disarmament in the country under the banner of Indian Institute of Peace, Disarmament and Environmental Protection (IIPDEP), Nagpur, India and International Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), a Nobel Peace Prize Winner organization. He has been Coordinator/Principal Investigator/ Co-investigator/Supervisor of various prestigious projects of different agencies like UNICEF, Bill Clinton Foundation, Kids with Vision, New York, World Learning of USA, Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd. (NPCIL), Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR), Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), New Delhi and Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India. He is a Co-patron of Medics, an umbrella organization of medical doctors and university students working for the poorest of the poor sections of the society in Aligarh and across India.
The present Cross-sectional study was carried out from January, 2014to December, 2014 with the following objectives: 1. To find out the prevalence of overweight and obesity in medical students 2. To determine the correlates of overweight and obesity Participants were medical students posted in the Department of Community Medicine during 3rd to 5th semesters under Rural Health Posting. Total number of participants was 240 comprising of 150 male and 90 female students. A pretested questionnaire was given to them and complete personal details, dietary habits were noted down followed by examination. Body Mass Index (BMI) was used to categorize the students into underweight, normal, overweight and obese groups. A BMI of <18.5 Kg/ m2 was taken as cut off point for under weight. Overweight and Obese were taken at the level of 23 Kg/ m2 and 25 Kg/m2 and above respectively. Among 150 male students, 30 (20.0%) were overweight while 9 (6.0%) were found to be obese and 6 (4.0%) were underweight. Among 90 girls, 21 (23.3%) were overweight, 10 (11.1%) obese and (7.7%) were found to be underweight. High calorie intake was noticed in 45 (30.0%) male students and lack of physical activity was observed in 25 (16.7%) male students. Among female students, high calorie intake and lack of physical activity was found in 31 (34.4%) and 20 (22.2%) students respectively. There is urgent need for prevention of obesity and its risk factors among college students. These findings have enormous significance for developing societies emerging from poverty and continuing to bear the double burden of both form of malnutrition in their populations.
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