Mahasin A. Wadi
Princess Nourah University, Saudi Arabia
Title: Urinary tract infections
Mahasin Wadi completed her PhD from AL Neelain University, Medical Microbiology, and Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences in 2010 and completed her MSc from University of Khartoum in Medical Microbiology & Pharmacology, 1987. She worked at Dar ALUloom University, College of Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in August 2014; Central Research Laboratory Khartoum, Sudan; Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, and Medical Microbiology at King Saud University, Saudi Arabia, Riyadh in 1988. She worked in bee honey as a natural antimicrobial product and has published several papers in reputed journals and participated in many international and national conferences. She issued a patent research about the antimicrobial activity of Sudanese bee honey. She has attended many workshops and seminars and was awarded certificate of prestigious author for the journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology 2011. She was awarded a medal on participating in workshop at King Saud University Saudi Arabia 2011. She is a member of many international associations: German Apitherapy Society, American Apitherapy Society, International Bee Research Association, European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Disease ESCMID and Sudanese Veterinary Association. She served as reviewer of various journals.
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of the urinary system kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Most infections involve the lower urinary tract — the bladder and the urethra. Women are at greater risk of developing a UTI than are men. However, serious consequences can occur if a UTI spreads to kidneys may result in pyelonephritis. Urinary tract infections typically occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and begin to multiply in the bladder.The most common UTIs pathogens is Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, and proteus mirabillis
Methods: 3000 urine isolates were randomly collected from patients at private Hospital, Sudan, during 2016- 2018.The collected isolates were identified at the Microbiology Laboratory by the conventional methods. Antibiotics sensitivity test was carried by Kirby Bauer methods. The following Antibiotics were used for the sensitivity of urine isolates; Ampicillin, Amakacin, Cefazolin, Cefuroxime, Ceftrazone, Cefepime, Ciprofloxacin, Colostin, Gentamicin, and Meropene.
Results: The following organisms were identified from the urine isolates; Escherichia coli, Enterobacter arogenes, Citrobacter koseri, Klebsiella pneumonia, proteus mirabillis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Sensitivity of the isolated organisms exhibited resistance to the most tested antibiotics.
Conclusion: Urinary tract infection caused by many organisms that exhibited resistance to the tested antibiotics which may lead to ascending infection resulted in recurrent infection and can lead to pyelonephritis. Recurrent UTI need more investigations to avoid pyelonephritis.