Małgorzata Karbowska graduated Jagiellonian University Medical College with a master degree in pharmacy and currently is a PhD student at Medical University of Bialystok. As a young scientist she received Scholarship from the Minister of Science and Higher Education for outstanding achievement. Presently she is managing project supported by Leading National Research Centre (The Centre for Innovative Research at Medical University of Bialystok) and is co-investigator of Preludium project supported by the Polish National Science Centre – both projects focus on nephrology.


Objective: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with higher risk for thromboembolic events compared with general population. Indoxyl sulfate (IS) is a potent uremic toxin associated with the appearance of cardiovascular disease prevalence. However, mechanism underlying IS association with thromboembolic events is not fully understood.

Material and methods: We evaluated the effect of IS on thrombotic process after acute treatment in electrical current-induced arterial thrombosis in Wistar male rats. IS doses: 3, 10, and 30 mg/kg of body weight were administered intravenously. We assessed IS influence on parameters of coagulation, fibrinolysis, collagen-induced platelet aggregation and blood morphology.

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