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Manfred Martin

Manfred Martin

RWTH Aachen University, Germany

Title: Anion and Cation Diffusion in Complex Oxides

Biography

Manfred Martin is Professor and Head of the Institute of Physical Chemistry of RWTH Aachen University, Germany. At Seoul National University, Korea he was WCU Professor and is now Adjunct Professor. He has more than 30 years of experience in education and research of physical chemistry of solids as well as service at department, faculty and university level. His current research focusses on materials for energy conversion, resistive switching, solid-state reactions, secondary ion mass spectrometry, and computer simulations as well. Professor Manfred Martin has published >200 scientific papers in international, refereed journals. He received the Carl-Wagner Award and has been elected as member of the Royal Society of Chemistry. He has supervised more than 50 Ph.D. students and more than 20 postdoctoral fellows.

Abstract

Oxygen diffusion in complex oxide materials is of great importance for applications, e.g. in fuel cells (oxygen ion conductivity) or oxygen permeation membranes (ambipolar diffusion of oxygen). For heavily doped oxides, such as doped zirconia, ceria or lanthanum gallate, we give a qualitative and quantitative explanation of the observed maximum of the conductivity as a function of the dopant fraction by combining DFT calculations of energies and entropies with Kinetic Monte Simulations of the oxygen ion conductivity.

Concerning cation diffusion in complex oxides we report our recent findings in perovskites, with a special focus on doped lanthanum gallates, barium titanate, and BSCF. Our experimental results indicate that the cation diffusion mechanisms are more complicated than simple vacancy mechanisms. We show that the experimental observations can be explained well by A- and B-site cation vacancies that are strongly bound in defect clusters and perform a highly correlated motion.