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Biography

Mende has completed his Masters degree in Clinical pharmacy and at the age of 32 years from Jimma University and He is a senior lecturer and researcher. He is the coordinator of in-service training program of Arba Minch College of health Sciences, and head of the Department of Pharmacy in the college. He has published more than 2 papers in reputed journals and other two are under process for publication.

Abstract

Background: Diabetes self-care behaviour adherence is considered to be the cornerstone in diabetes care. Inadequate diabetic self-management remains a significant problem facing health care providers and populations in all settings. Patients who have adequate self-management behaviour have better outcomes and higher quality of life.
Objective: To assess Levels and Predictors of Adherence to self-Care Behaviour and   Glycaemic Control among Adult Type 2 Diabetics at Arba Minch General Hospital, Southern Ethiopia.
Method: An institutional based cross sectional study was conducted from [15th-February to 15th-March, 2015] and data were collected by using interviewer administered questionnaires. The data were entered into EPI-DATA version 3.1, and analysed by Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20.0. Descriptive statistics were used for most variables; a bivariate analysis was employed to determine the presence of association between adherence to self-care behaviour with other variables at P-value less than 0.05. Multi-variable logistic regression was performed to identify independent predictors of glycaemic control and self-care behaviour adherence.

Results: One hundred ninety four type 2 diabetics were participated in this study and 99 (51.0%) were Females. Mean age of participants was 50.3(±13.2) years, and 41.2% had good self-care behaviour adherence. Above one half (57.2%) had diabetes duration less than five years, with mean duration of diabetes 5.02 ± 3.8 years. Most of patients 169(87.1%) were on oral anti diabetics Age 35-44 years [AOR=13.4, 95% CI=1.582, 113.56], Monthly income <750.00 birr [AOR=0.340, 95% CI=0.119, 0.976] and age at diabetes onset 15-24 years [AOR=11.3, 95% CI=2.621, 49.065] were independent predictors of self-care behaviour adherence.
Conclusion: In our study area adherence to self-care behaviour of the study subjects were low. So strategies that can improve these discrepancies like provision of diabetes self-care education and counselling especially on importance of self-monitoring of blood glucose, physical activity and problem solving should be considered by responsible bodies.