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Mostafa samy

Mostafa samy

MUST University, Egypt

Title: Management of rhino-orbital mucormycosis

Biography

Mostafa has completed his dental degree at the age 23 from MUST University (Egypt ), Then at the age 26 he has attached to Military for 1year and after that he has attached to 5years oral and Maxillofacial board as resident. Now he in last 5 months in this residency. He has very good log book and experience specially trauma, infection and reconstruction and has a capability for work a good oral and Maxillofacial specialist. He has published about 3case reports and another 4casereports in progress and other type of publish

Abstract

Mucormycosis also known as zygomycosis and phycomycosis is an uncommon, opportunistic, aggressive fatal fungal infection caused by fungi of the order Mucorales, frequently among immunocompromised patients. This fungal infection begins from the sinonasal mucosa after inhalation of fungal spores; the aggressive and rapid progression of the disease may lead to orbital and brain involvement.1-4 In the past, the mortality rate of the rhino-cerebral type was 88%, but recently the survival rate of rhino-cerebral mucormycosis averages 21-73% depending on the circumstances.1 Mucormycosis is classified according to anatomical site into rhino-cerebral, which is the most common, central nervous system, pulmonary, cutaneous, disseminated, and miscellaneous.1,2,4-6 The rhino-orbito-cerebral is the most common form of mucormycosis.3 The most common predisposing factor is uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (DM), especially when the patient has a history of ketoacidosis, these species thrive best in a glucose rich and acidic environment.3,4,6,7 Immunosuppressive drugs such as steroids, neutropenia, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, dialysis patients on deferoxamine, malnutrition, hematologic malignancy, and organ transplant patients are also at risk of affection by the fungi.1,4-7 This case report describes a case of rhino-orbital mucormycosis affecting a diabetic female with good prognosis and satisfactory healing. Our objective in presenting this particular case is to emphasize that early diagnosis and proper management leads to good prognosis and high survivability