Noha Behairy is currently working as a Professor of Radiology, Cairo University, Egypt. She is the Reviewer for the European Radiology Journal, Journal of Radiology Case Reports and Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine


The Pena-Shokeir phenotype represents an autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by neurogenic arthrogryposis, facial anomalies and pulmonary hypoplasia. Th is condition was fi rst identifi ed by Pena and Shokeir in 1974 and was subsequently included among the phenotypes associated with the fetal akinesia deformation sequence (FADS). We present a rare case of recurrent Pina-Shokeir syndrome in a 24 year old primigravida and the application of three-dimensional (3D/4D) ultrasonography, fetal magnetic resonance imaging and (3D) multislice computerized tomography in prenatal diagnosis. .