Obalase, Stephen Babatunde
University Health Centre, Nigeria
OBALASE, STEPHEN BABATUNDE had his general Nursing certificate and post basic Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing Certificate at Ondo State School of Nursing, Akure and Federal School of Psychiatric School of Post Basic Nursing, Uselu, Benin City, Edo State where he was bagged RN and RPN in 1996 and 2007 respectively. He proceeded to University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State to study Health Education at first and graduated with second class upper division in 2001 and proceeded further for his second degrees at the same university where he graduated and bagged Master Degree in Public Health Education with PhD Grade IN 2012. He proceeded to Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria for his doctorate degree in 2015 in Public Health Education .He was gainfully employed by Ondo State Hospitals Management Board, Akure between 1999 and 2009 as Nursing Officer duly registered by Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria until his present appointment with Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria since 2009 till date where he has continued his research. Presently his research interest is on cancer especially cervical cancer where he dwelt in his PhD theses.
In developing nations like Nigeria where the levels of illiteracy ,poverty and poor access to quality health care are high the health problems that were thought to have been conquered are still surfacing along side with other global health problems like cervical cancer, HIV/AIDS ,Lassa fever, Ebola, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and tuberculosis .Most of the conditions that cause morbidity and mortality among Nigerian populace are preventable and that is why serious consideration must be placed on regular screening and periodic medical routine examination. Cervical cancer is primarily caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) and its relationship to cervical cancer has led to new tools for primary prevention with HPV vaccines and new screening strategies that give clinicians options for every resource setting. The ability to substantially reduce the more than one half million women per year that are diagnosed with cervical cancer and more importantly the ability to reduce the quarter of a million women per year that die of the disease particularly in under resourced areas of developing countries like Nigeria and the study area in Ondo state, The researcher generated four research questions and formulated four research hypotheses of match to match were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The sample for the study were 1800 respondents attending maternal and child clinic in all the government owed health institution in the six local government areas of Ondo North Senatorial district of Ondo State. Cross sectional research survey of descriptive type was used. The instrument for the study was self structured questionnaire .The face and content validity of the instrument was established and found to be 0.76 while the reliability coefficient of 0.79 was obtained using test retest method. The four null hypotheses were rejected which showed that there is positive correlation between maternal morbidity and mortality and cervical cancer screening, parity and sexually transmitted diseases. The following recommendations were made among other things: there should be regular screening for cervical cancer among women of reproductive age, the number of times a woman should carry pregnancy should be reduced to lowest minimal and family planning services should be promoted, any patient infected with sexually transmitted diseases should be thoroughly treated and investigated to enhance quality reproductive health care services.