Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
Oumer Sada has expertise in assessing patient’s drug therapy need and optimizing patient outcome by providing clinical pharmacy service. He has also additional roles in the university teaching, advising and precepting students, conducting problem solving researches and providing community service focusing on providing drug information service in promoting rational drug use.
Background: Recently in the discipline of ophthalmology, there have been many developments and introduction of new ocular therapeutic agents. In order to improve drugs therapeutic efficacy, minimize adverse effects, and delay development of resistance drug utilization trends and patients need to be evaluated periodically.
Objective: To assess the prescribing, drug use and dispensing practice of ophthalmic drugs at Boru hospital.
Methodology: Cross sectional study was conducted on patients attending outpatient department pharmacy of Boru Meda Hospital to collect their medicines. Prescriptions of 84 patients encountered were analysed using World Health Organization (WHO) prescribing indicators and additional indices.
Result: Analysis showed that the mean number of drug per prescription was 2.2 and 97.2% of prescribed drugs were from the national essential drug list. 89.5% of drugs were prescribed by their generic name. Majority of the prescribed drugs were antibiotics (62.7%) and only 17.7% of the prescriptions had frequency of dosing. Percentage of patients with good post- dispensing knowledge on the dispensed ophthalmic drugs was 37.1%. Dispensing and counselling time were 18sec and 1.30 minute respectively.
Conclusion: The study indicated an awareness of poly pharmacy but showed ample scope for improvement in encouraging the prescriber to write complete prescription and the dispenser to provide adequate counselling.