Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, CHINA
QIAO Qi has completed her Master's Degree at the age of 23 years from Xi'an Jiao tong University and now is studying for a PhD. at Tsinghua University of Envrionment and Energy.She is the Deputy Chief Engineer of Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, and is the Director and Chief Professor/Researcher of Research Centre for Cleaner Production & Circular Economy, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, mainly reponsible for Emission Reduction in Industry, Eco-Industry and Circular Economy. She has published more than 80 papers in reputed journals and has been won more than 10 prizes of the national, provincial and ministerial levels.
Between 2011 and 2014 (the 12th FYP), China achieved over 7.5% year-on-year growth of per capita GDP; industrial output increased by 10.5%, with equipment manufacturing and high technology manufactures increasing by 13.2 and 11.7 percent, respectively. Most manufacturing activities in the country take place in industrial agglomeration zones. In 2016, there were 613 industrial zones/parks at the national levels and more than 1000 industrial parks in the provincial levels, including the Economic and Technical Development Zones (ETDZs), the Hi-Tech Industries Development Zones, the national Free Trade Zones, the national New Area, and so on. The average growth rate of industrial parks was more than 15%, which had made a greater contribution to our country’s economic development. However, as the concentrated areas of industrial production, industrial parks became the focuses of resource shortage, environmental pollution and ecological destruction. It is necessary to transform the traditional development mode of industrial parks. The general idea of the transformation is to make the industrial park as a large pollution sources, reduce resources consumption, improve optimal manufacturing technology, enhance pollution prevention, control environmental risk, innovate environmental management mechanism, and promoting ecological transformation. The traditional industrial parks could transform to ecological industrial parks with the coordination of economy and environmental protection. In China, there is a national program focused on improving the environmental performance of industrial parks initiated from 1990s, and actively implemented currently: Eco-Industrial Park Demonstration program. As of 2016, 93 zones have been declared as “National Trial EIPs”, and 48 have achieved “National EIP” status. This paper introduced how to evaluate the green development performance of the eco-industrial park according to a evaluation index system. The roles of ecnomic growth, industrial structure, resource utilization, pollution emission and environmental managment as influence factors of eco-efficiency were discussed. The results show that from 2006 to 2015, the intensities of water and comprehensive energy consumption of EIPs reduced 65.9% and 66.1% respectively. The COD emissions intensity and SO2 emissions intensity cut 81.5% and 87.7% respectively. So the EIPs were leading the whole country in resource energy conservation and emission reduction, and achieving transformation and upgrading of industrial parks green development.