Rocio Elizabeth Castillo Andrade
Technical University of North, Ecuador
Rocio Elizabeth Castillo Andrade obtains the Degree in Nursing at the Technical University of North Ibarra Ecuador, and of Magister in Teaching University and Educational Investigation, National University of Loja. She worked as a nurse in the Hospital San Vicente de Paúl de Ibarra. She is a professor in Nursing Career at the Technical University of the North. She has served as Deputy Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences of the Technical University of North. She currently serves as Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences of the Technical University of North.
The World Health Organization has been disseminating home delivery in order to reduce maternal-neonatal morbidity and mortality, with relevance in rural areas where more child births are attended with this characterization. The main objective was to characterize the traditional birth in the Cofán-Dureno nationality, Sucumbíos 2016. It is a qualitative and non-experimental study; Descriptive and cross-sectional study included women of childbearing age and caregivers resident in the Cofán community of Dureno Parish, who, prior informed consent, conducted a survey; the information obtained was tabulated in a database in Microsoft Excel. 78% have a free marital status, low education level, 8% illiteracy and 52% have completed primary education, 92% identified themselves as indigenous to Cofán Nationality. 76% of the births were domiciliary, this birth in 38% of the cases was chosen by custom, mostly using the vertical position, attended by midwives, with the presence of the spouses; the dress was a warm cloth coat, and allowed food and drink. It is customary to bury the placentas. Complications are minimal and irrelevant. With the qualitative part of the investigation it is concluded that the proper defi nitions on the home birth are the first option in this community guaranteeing the respect to the Cosmo vision.