Sara Maria Rosales Rivadeneira
Technical University of North, Ecuador
Sara Rosales Rivadeneira, holds the title of Lic. In Sociology and Political Sciences, she studied at the Central University of Ecuador. He later obtained a Master's Degree in Social Work Research and Social Planning at the same University. She began his professional practice as a Social Technician responsible for Social Development in international organizations such as World Mink International, CARE International, High Commissioner for the United Nations also in governmental organizations responsible for health and education programs. She is currently a Lecturer at the Technical University of Norte Ibarra Ecuador Faculty of Health, where she teaches and elaborates research work.
Because education plays a fundamental role, as a base of knowledge and allows the development of the skills that empower both men, women and adolescents in decision making and responsibility in health, it is important alternative sex education that offers the possibility of choosing patterns and behaviors, in accordance with their particular way of interpreting sexuality, harmonizing the individual, the social and enriching it without confl icting conflicts.
Study Objective: To establish the relation of educational level of the women residing in the Parish of Angochagua, of Ibarra Ecuador and its incidence in the Sexual and Reproductive Health. Materials and Methods correspond to non-experimental qualitative, observational, descriptive and cross- sectional, women aged between 15 and 61 years and older living in the study area were included,
who were previously informed consent was given a survey.
Results: A direct relationship between literacy and access to health care programs, a high number of pregnancies among single young women, a high number of children and children who died at an early age in women with lower levels of schooling were found Domestic violence, high mortality rate due to lack of access to health services, discrimination in health centers, exposure to postpartum illness, lack of rights, low self-esteem, low incomes, gender inequality, emigration, and illiteracy.
Conclusion: Young women with higher levels of education are aware of some sexual and reproductive health and although their condition regarding older and less educated women has improved, rural women are still discriminated against as a person and do not know about their universal right to health care.