Anhalt University of Applied Sciences Dessau, Germany
Ar Sayed Ahmed is a Bangladeshi practicing Architect, Academician and Social Activist. He studied Architecture from SUST; Sylhet. He is currently a Lecturer in the Department of Architecture, Bangladesh University, Dhaka; where he conducts art appreciation courses, design classes and seminars and also researches as a free scholar. He successfully obtained his Master’s degree in Monumental Heritage from Anhalt University of Applied Sciences, Bauhuas of Dessau, Germany. He specializes in cultural studies, philosophy of art and architectural history, urban collective memory, material and climatic issues regarding vernacular architecture. He has already published articles on architecture and art from several journals around the globe which includes countries like UK, USA, Australia, Nigeria, India, China and Indonesia.
As an exceptional case of being modern monument, the concept of social functionalist housing at Siedlung Gropius Torten Estate in Dessau needs some reconsideration due to conserving or replacing materials. For this, evolution of social housing from the 18th century was shortly discoursed with distinguished trends of architecture. The main concern of the study is how to introduce sustainability to a preset composite material design to suit todays need for affordable housing in suburban settings without doing any harm to its initial aesthetics. To deal with the local specifics of Dessau, some possibilities of localization and alternatives of modern installation were suggested. By potential rehabilitation of neglected suburban areas, this housing can also be an income generating organization as monumental heritage. Collective memory is applied in its architectural materials and housing pattern which might affect some strategic themes of social sustainability like social networking, communal identity, civic pride, neighborhood perceptions and community participation. Two main approaches of collective memory were followed: Conservation of materials having collective values and adaptive change of these with contemporary essentials. Experimental suggestions may demonstrate the possible links for sustainable redesigning with confined architectural expression of Bauhaus style. Aim is to reveal the various potential layers of collective memories in the used materials by reviving vitality.