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Biography

Shaista Meghani has completed her Masters of Science in Nursing (MScN) from The Aga Khan University School of Nursing & Midwifery (AKUSONAM), Karachi, Pakistan in 2014. Currently, she is working as Cardio-Pulmonary Clinical Nurse Specialist in The Aga Khan University Hospital. She has a rich clinical experience working as a Critical Care Nurse in The Aga Khan University Hospital, Pakistan from 2004-2008 and in King Faisal Specialist & Research Center, Saudia Arabia from 2011-2012. She has published 15 papers in reputed Journals.

Abstract

Family Presence During Resuscitation (FPDR) has remained a controversial issue since the early 1980s. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of an educational program on the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) of healthcare professionals (HCPs) towards FPDR in ED, at a tertiary care setting, in Karachi. This research study was conducted in the ED of a private tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan, and a quasi-experimental Pre-test and Post-test design was used. Universal sampling was done, and all ED nurses and physicians were selected for the study. The KAP of nurses and physicians were assessed before (pre-test), immediately after (post-test I), and at two weeks’ interval (post-test II), after the intervention. One hour of same educational program was offered as an intervention to both nurses and physicians separately. The findings of the study revealed that the mean scores of knowledge and attitude of HCPs at all three points (pre-test, post-test I, and post-test II) were found to be a statistically significant (p-value=0.05). Hence, the implementation of an educational program was found effective in improving knowledge and in changing the attitude of HCPs, whereas, practice remained unchanged. Moreover, studies need to be conducted in other hospital settings to evaluate the impact of such a program in other settings, and to explore HCPs’, families, and patients, perspectives regarding FPDR. Moreover, training modules need to be developed for the staff, and formal guidelines need to be proposed for FPDR, which should be structured through a multidisciplinary team approach, to expand the concept of FPDR in hospitals.