Soha Mohamed Hamadaa
Hearing & Speech Institute
Soha Mohamed Hamada is working in Audiology department, Hearing and speech Institute in Egypt
Background: Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease with impaired glucose tolerance. Diabetic neuropathy affects sensory, autonomic, and motor neurons of the peripheral nervous system so that nearly every type of nerve fiber in the body is vulnerable. Objectives: Evaluation of variation in motor functions and postural sway in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and comparing the results with those obtained from control group. This will help in rehabilitation programs for diabetic patients to avoid postural instability and risk of falling. Methodology: forty patients with the diagnosis of type 2 DM (group 1) participated in this study and twenty subjects who had no diagnosis of type 2 DM were evaluated as a control group (group 2). Blood glucose level of patients was measured then they referred to audiovestibular assessment. Computerized dynamic posturography (CDP)was done in form of motor control test and functional limitation assessment; Tandem walk Results: Findings showed statistically significant difference between study group and control group as regards response latency, speed of the forward progression and endpoint sway velocity. A statistically significant correlation was found between response latency and speed of the forward progression with FBS level in study group. Conclusions: Speed of the forward progression was less , however response latency and endpoint sway velocity were more in diabetic patients in comparing with normal subjects. Response latency and speed of the forward progression showed a statistically significant correlation with FBS level in diabetic patients.