University of Chicago, USA
Somnath Mukherjee is currently a Postdoctoral Research Scholar working on protein and antibody engineering in the group of Professor Anthony A Kossiakoff at University of Chicago. He has completed his PhD from Indian Institute of Science and Technology (IIT) Kharagpur, India. He has more than 15 peer reviewed publications in journals of international repute.
Reversible, high affinity immobilization tags are critical tools for myriad biological applications. However, inherent issues are associated with a number of the current methods of immobilization. Particularly, a critical element in phage display sorting is functional immobilization of target proteins. To circumvent these problems, we have used a mutant (N5A) of calmodulin binding peptide (CBP) as an immobilization tag in phage display sorting. The immobilization relies on the ultra high affinity of calmodulin to N5A mutant CBP (RWKKNFIAVSAANRFKKIS) in presence of calcium (KD ~2 pM), which can be reversed by EDTA allowing controlled “capture and release” of the specific binders. To evaluate the capabilities of this system, we chose eight targets, some of which were difficult to over express and purify with other tags and some had failed in sorting experiments. In all cases, specific binders were generated using a Fab phage display library with CBP fused constructs. KD of the Fabs was in sub to low nanomolar (nM) ranges and was successfully used to selectively recognize antigens in cell-based experiments. Some of these targets were problematic even without any tag, so the fact that all led to successful selection end points means that borderline cases can be worked on with a high probability of positive outcome. Taken together with examples of successful case specific high level applications like generation of conformation, epitope and domain specific Fabs, we feel that the CBP tag embodies all the attributes of covalent immobilization tags but does not suffer from some of their well documented drawbacks.