Steven Manzi

Steven Manzi

Vaal University of Technology, South Africa

Title: Current applications and future prospective


Cerveira (João Carlos Cerveira Paixão) currently lives in Princeton, NJ, United States. He lectures Botox and Fillers worldwide in 4 different languages. Possesses dual citizenship (Brazilian and EU), In São Paulo Brazil, graduated in dentistry in 1997. Became Specialist in Oral Rehabilitation in 2000. In 2005 initiated an Start Up for an Italian company in Brazil, which subsequently received the invitation to move to Italy to direct and to coordinate Italian branches in 27 countries. This task entailed working with Regulatory Affairs aspects to the development of new products. In addition, responsibilities also involved the training of human resources, logistics, and sales management in many countries. After years exposed to this environment and the experiences accumulated DIFNE (Dental International Filler Neurotoxin Education), a nonprofit organization was created. The aim of DIFNE is to dissipate and train dentists world widely in the use of Botox and Filler.


Probiotics are defined as live microorganisms that are added to foodstuff in order to enhance the health of their host. Traditionally they have been used in dairy products such as milk, cheese, and yogurt. The improvement of technology has allowed advanced exploration of their use. One commonly reported feature is the antibacterial activity which consists of the inhibition of pathogens due to the secretion of bacteriocins. For this reason, some studies have suggested the use of probiotics as a potential alternative to the usual antibiotics which have been linked with the advent of resistant genes. Further studies have reported probiotics to have the ability to reduce lactose in dairy products, improve digestion as well serving as growth promoters in animals. Other reported beneficial aspects of probiotics include lowering cholesterol and the stimulation of the immune system by boosting the production of cytokine and increasing the IgA concentrations. In this paper we evaluate the relationship between the findings of different in vitro and in vivo research studies on probiotics, the current technological applications as well as prospective development on the use of probiotics.