Thinakar Mani B
Institute of Medical Gastroenterology, Madras Medical College, India
Dr. Thinakarmani has completed his MBBS at 23 years of age from pondicherry university and MD internal medicine from Manipal university (Gold medal with award for best outgoing students ), currently working us senior resident( Final year DM post graduate ) at institute of medical gastroenterology at Madras medical college, chennai, tamilnadu, india. He has presented many papers at national conferences all around India.
Background and Aims
Pancreatic injury remains a complicated condition requiring an individualized case by case approach to management. In this study, we aim to analyze the varied presentations and treatment outcomes of traumatic pancreatic injury in a tertiary care center
Materials and Methods
All consecutive patients hospitalized at our center with traumatic pancreatic injury between 2013 and 2017 were included. The American Association for Surgery of Trauma (AAST) classification was used to stratify patients into five grades of severity. Outcome parameters were then analyzed based on the treatment modality employed.
Of the 35 patients analyzed, 26 had an underlying blunt trauma with the remaining 9 presenting due to penetrating injury. Overall in-hospital mortality was 28%. 19 of these patients underwent exploratory laparotomy with the remaining 16 managed non-operatively. 9 patients had severe injury ( >grade 3) – of which 4 underwent endotherapy, 3 had stents placed and one underwent an endoscopic pseudocyst drainage. Among those managed non-operatively, 3 underwent a radiological drainage procedure.
Mortality rates were clearly higher in patients managed operatively. This is likely a result of significantly higher degrees of major associated non-pancreatic injuries and not just a reflection of surgical morbidity. Despite this, surgical management remains the mainstay of therapy, especially in higher grades of pancreatic injury. However we would like to emphasize that endoscopic intervention definitely remains the preferred treatment modality when the clinical setting permits.
This is especially applicable in cases of main pancreatic duct injury with ascites as well as pseudocysts.
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