King Faisal University, KSA
He is a Doctor of Medicine in Pharmacology with 14 years experience in the specialty. He have been actively involved with pre-clinical drug research, clinical research, hospital administration and hospital logistics support system (Pharmacy management, Equipment procurement & maintenance, turnkey projects etc). In all, He have been a medical doctor for 24 years. His expertise revolves around the training of medical graduates & post graduates (inculcating interest in rational pharmacotherapeutics), so also in pre-clinical drug research involving in-vitro/in-vivo Pharmacokinetics & Pharmacodynamics. He has hands on experience in the traditional as well as the Problem Based Learning (PBL) types of medical curricula being followed in different medical schools all over the world. He has been an under-graduate and post-graduate examiner for many medical universities in India. Notably, He have initiated a mammoth toxicology & toxinology project for the Indian Armed Forces, involving the compilation & designing of a poisoning database & poisoning registry for the Indian Armed Forces Personnel & their families. On the administrative front, He has effectively controlled medical staff in 200-600 bedded hospitals.
Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a pandemic affecting the developed and developing countries. The global prevalence, as per an estimate in 2010, is 285 million people, which effectively translates into a total of 6% of the world’s adult population. Arguably, an effective and optimal treatment of this disease is the need of the hour. Till very recently the thrust of the treatment of this disorder was on insulin secretagogues and drugs which can reduce insulin resistance to some extent. Of late, this objective seems to have deviated into finding agents which can just reduce blood sugar levels, distancing themselves from the physiological mechanisms responsible for glycemic control. Drugs like α-glucosidase inhibitors and the SGLT-2 co-transport inhibitors facilitate the elimination of sugars in the feces and urine, respectively, with expected moderate to severe adverse effects. While these drugs may be useful in a specific category of patients, their general utility for all patients of T2DM may not be fully justified from a purely scientific perspective. The pathophysiology of T2DM mandates a reversal of all the processes which are impeding insulin action in spite of an almost normal secretion from the Islet-beta cells of the pancreas. The clinical limitations of agents like the biguanides and thiazolidinediones have probably initiated a race to come up with agents which just lower the blood sugar levels at any cost, especially the post-prandial levels. Active research is going on globally to come up with insulin analogs, novel insulin preparations and devices, novel insulin secretagogues, novel routes of administration including oral and nasal insulins etc, but adequate research in reversing insulin resistance seems to be lacking, which actually is the need of the hour for the optimal treatment of T2DM. In this talk we would focus very briefly on the insulin receptor, its physiological role, transduction mechanisms at the molecular level and the ongoing research on insulin receptors. This would be followed by a detailed discussion on potential targets for putative agents which can expectedly overcome the flaws in the affected receptors of T2DM, thereby facilitating an effective control of this dreaded disease.