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Zakaria Fouad Fawzy Hassan

Zakaria Fouad Fawzy Hassan

National Research Centre, Egypt

Title: Overview of nanotechnology applications with focusing about agricultural sector

Biography

Zakaria Fouad Fawzy - Professor - National Research Centre and Assessor Accreditation Council “Organic farming and Food safety”. He is the first Egyptian researcher attended of the talented young scientist program in China “Organic Agriculture”. He got an opportunity for more than two international projects in Egypt as a principal investigator about Climate Changes Issues in China and Egypt. Dr Zakaria is professor in the Agriculture and Biological Division, National Research centre since 2013. Also, he is Assessor in the Egyptian Accreditation Council. Dr Zakaria is Former President of the Youth Scientific Research Association. He was attended many scholarships and fellowships such as , scholarship “ PostDoctor “ in china from 2011 to 2012 and fellowship “ Talented Young Scientists Program” in China from 2014 to 2015 “ Organic Agriculture”. He created about four Memorandum of Understanding “MoU” and Memorandum of Agreement “MoA” between National Research Centre and other international scientific organization such as – Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research- Chinese Academy of Sciences and Beijing Institute of Technology- Ministry of Science and Technology – China.  He is a member in many scientific organizations and acts as reviewer and referee as well as board member in the field of organic agriculture and climate changes issues for different national and international journals and organizations. Also, Dr. Zakaria won many awards and he was attend a huge number of conferences, training and workshops in Egypt and other many countries in worldwide as well as he was published five scientific books and more than 45 scientific research paper. Dr. Zakaria contributed significantly to the expansion of knowledge of organic agriculture and climate changes issues through public lectures on scientific research centers and various Egyptian and Chinese universities, and because he is principal investigator of some international and national projects he contributed significantly in helping to learn organic agriculture and climate changes and using smart climate agriculture as a new trend in the field of agriculture. He work a Progress Patent invention entitled “A new natural compound to increase productivity and immunity of horticultural and field crops " - Application No. 2077/2015 - Advanced side - Academy of Scientific Research and Technology - Patent office

Abstract

Attempts to apply nanotechnology in agriculture began with the growing realization that conventional farming technologies would neither be able to increase productivity any further nor restore ecosystems damaged by existing technologies back to their pristine state; in particular because the long-term effects of farming with “miracle seeds”, in conjunction with irrigation, fertilizers, and pesticides, have been questioned both at the scientific and policy levels, and must be gradually phased out. Nanotechnology in agriculture has gained momentum in the last decade with an abundance of public funding, but the pace of development is modest, even though many disciplines come under the umbrella of agriculture. Specifically in agriculture, technical innovation is of importance with regard to addressing global challenges such as population growth, climate change and the limited availability of important plant nutrients such as phosphorus and potassium.Nanotechnology applied to agricultural production could play a fundamental role for this purpose and research on agricultural applications is ongoing for largely a decade by now. This also touches on the issue of nanotechnology in developing countries. Despite these potential advantages, the agricultural sector is still comparably marginal and has not yet made it to the market to any larger extent in comparison with other sectors of nanotechnology application. Nanotechnology devices and tools, like nanocapsules, nanoparticles and even viral capsids, are examples of uses for the detection and treatment of diseases, the enhancement of nutrients absorption by plants, the delivery of active ingredients to specific sites and water treatment processes. The use of target-specific nanoparticles can reduce the damage to non-target plant tissues and the amount of chemicals released into the environment. Nanotechnology derived devices are also explored in the field of plant breeding and genetic transformation.