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Children drinking: reasons, effects, prevention and treatment.
Childhood is precious as it is a time for learning and playing so that the child turns physically, mentally and intellectually strong. According to NSDUH, about 7.3 million Americans between the ages of 12 and 20 are alcoholic by 2016.Although drinking is illegal, 19% of children in this age group that attend 8th, 10th and 12th grades consume alcohol. Despite the children’s tendency to experiment with alcohol, parents and family should play a central role in constantly engaging the child in conversation, by discussing the impact of alcohol abuse on their health and education. Children that are groomed in families with either of the parent consuming alcohol are under severe mental stress, trauma, anxiety and depression. Both genetic and environmental factors turn children to get addicted to alcohol.
Reasons: Family is the first place where children learn or unlearn several practices, including alcoholism. Children in families with either of the parents exposed to alcoholism are at increasing risk to get addicted to alcoholism. Socioeconomic factors, parental literacy and educational status, parent’s profession, and environmental factors play an important role in promoting alcoholism in children.
Effects: Exposure to alcohol at a tender age would profoundly influence children. Some of the immediate effects include school drop put, absenteeism in academics, low performance, callousness and poor quality life and deteriorated standard of living, physical, mental and psychological health disorders.
Prevention and Treatment
Prevention is better than cure for childhood alcoholism. Parents must take enough care in creating a congenial atmosphere for the overall development of the child. Parents must stay away from alcohol in order to keep the child away from it. Factors like locality where the child lives, neighborhoods, peer group with which the child assimilates may play a role in developing alcoholic behavior in children. Parental care, schools and media can create awareness on the ill effects of alcoholism
Treatment: Visiting a psychiatrist, counseling and engaging the child constantly in conversation and activity that keeps alcohol away from the child. Apart from medical help, family and friend’s support are crucial in getting rid of alcoholic behavior in children.
Possible topics for exploration: Not limited to the topics mentioned below, authors are encouraged to explore a wide range of topics following interdisciplinary approaches. Parental alcoholism and disturbed childhood, Socioeconomic reasons for child alcoholism, Environmental and genetic factors promoting alcoholism, Cultural practices promoting alcoholism in children, Peer group pressure and sub cultures, Alcoholism and academic performance in children. Role of the media and schools in preventing child alcoholism, need for a child centric pedagogy for fighting alcoholism in children etc.