Most people with amnesia have problems with short-term memory — they can't retain new information. Recent memories are most likely to be lost, while more remote or deeply ingrained memories may be spared. Someone may recall experiences from childhood or know the names of past presidents, but not be able to name the current president or remember what month it is or what was for breakfast. A person with amnesia may work with an occupational therapist to learn new information to replace what was lost, or to use intact memories as a basis for taking in new information.
Many people with amnesia find it helpful to use smart technology, such as a smartphone or a hand-held tablet device. With some training and practice, even people with severe amnesia can use these electronic organizers to help with day-to-day tasks. For example, smartphones can be programmed to remind them about important events or to take medications.
Low-tech memory aids include notebooks, wall calendars, pill minders, and photographs of people and places.
the loss of long-term memory, or the loss of the ability to form new long-term memories or memorize things. People suffering from Anterograde Amnesia may find themselves unable to remember facts or people's names just a few minutes after hearing them because the memories do not successfully transfer from their conscious short-term memory into permanent long-term memory. The loss of already existing memories. This type of Amnesia typically targets the most recent memories, and the amount of memory lost can vary based on the severity of the case. New memories may be formed (in contrast with Anterograde Amnesia), but the patient may be unable to recall details of some of all of their lives prior to onset.