BPPV is a mechanical problem in the inner ear. It occurs when some of the calcium carbonate crystals (otoconia) that are normally embedded in gel in the utricle become dislodged and migrate into one or more of the 3 fluid-filled semicircular canals, where they are not supposed to be.
The signs and symptoms: Dizziness, A sense that you or your surroundings are spinning or moving (vertigo), A loss of balance or unsteadiness, Nausea, Vomiting. May treat you with a series of movements known as the canalith repositioning procedure, Surgical treatment.
A total of 101 cases were pooled, with a mean age of 56.57±15.33 years (15-90 years). From these, 72.3% were women. The posterior canal was affected in 72.3%, the lateral in 24.7%, the anterior in 2% and multiple canals in 1%. Unilateral canal and left labyrinth involvement were more frequent. The therapeutic maneuver used most was Epley's. Recurrence was observed in 10.9% of the cases. It was idiopathic in 83.2% of cases.
Treatment options include watchful waiting, vestibulosuppressant medication, vestibular rehabilitation, canalith repositioning, and surgery.