Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder characterized by periods of elevated in mood and depression. This is also known as maniac- depressive illness because the patient is characterized by both mania and depression. This bipolar disorder is mainly observed due to changes in excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters secretions. During this that patient will be abnormally active, irritable or energetic (mania) and also feels like depressed and always thinks negatively (depression).
Causes: The causes vary from individuals and they maybe Genetic, Physiological, Environmental, Neurological, Neuroendocrinological and Evolutionary. Symptoms: The major signs and symptoms of this disorder can be categorized into various episodes like maniac episodes, Hypomanic episodes, Depressive episodes, Mixed effective episodes.
Treatment: This can be treated be a number of pharmacological and psychotherapeutic techniques. Physicians advice is most preferred.
Although suicide rates in Sweden have fallen by 5.6% from 2000 to 2011, excess mortality from schizophrenia has increased by 11%, and excess mortality from bipolar disorder increased 21% from 2006 to 2011, according to data collected by the OECD. Sweden is already responding to unmet need for care for severe mental illness. A commitment to tackling severe mental illness was one of the two priorities of the 2012 - 2016 Swedish Mental Health Action Plan, which was backed by funding of 96 million euros . This commitment is well placed, given the findings of Making Mental Health Count.