Broken heart syndrome is many a times mistaken as heart stroke due to symptoms like chest pain and shortness of breath that are similar in both the cases. It is a condition where heart muscle failure is observed due to extreme mental or emotional stress. Drugs that affect the levels of stress related hormones also may be a cause. This condition is for a short period of time which usually reverts back to normal.
Women above 50 are more prone to this syndrome than males. On contrary according to the study conducted by Harward Medical School for nine years from 1993 with more than 1000,000 people reveals that men are more likely to die of this syndrome than women. Stroke is the second-leading global cause of death behind heart disease, accounting for 11.13% of total deaths worldwide. About 795,000 people have a stroke every year. In Sweden 7,934 deaths that amounts for 11.20% of total deaths are due to stroke.
As it is hard to differentiate between stroke and broken heart syndrome it is always advised to consult the doctor immediately. It is diagnosed by tests like chest X-ray, Echocardiogram, Blood tests, Coronary angiogram. There is no standard treatment for this syndrome; treatment is similar to that of heart attack till the condition is normal. Early recognition of stress conditions and managing it is a better preventive measure.