Pathophysiology: Desmoid tumors are cytologically bland fibrous neoplasms originating from the musculoaponeurotic structures throughout the body. Desmoid tumors often appear as infiltrative, usually well-differentiated, firm overgrowths of fibrous tissue, and they are locally aggressive. The synonym aggressive fibromatosis describes the marked cellularity and aggressive local behavior.
Treatment: The primary treatment for desmoid tumor is primary surgery with negative surgical margins. In those patients who refuse surgery or are not surgical candidates, the treatment used is radiation therapy. Pharmacologic therapy with antiestrogens and prostaglandin inhibitors may also be used.
Major research: Desmoid tumors - A clinical review of 30 patients with more than 20 years' follow-up : We retrospectively studied the outcome in a consecutive series of 30 patients with desmoid tumors who were followed for more than 20 years after treatment (surgery in 29 patients). A local recurrence occurred in 12 patients and more than 1 recurrence occurred in 8. 3 patients had spontaneous complete regression of the tumor.