Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that can occur if you have diabetes. High blood sugar can injure nerve fibres throughout your body, but diabetic neuropathy most often damages nerves in your legs and feet. Diabetic neuropathy is a common serious complication of diabetes. Yet you can often prevent diabetic neuropathy or slow its progress with tight blood sugar control and a healthy lifestyle.
Good control of diabetes over time is the key to treating diabetic neuropathy. There is no cure for neuropathy, but keeping your blood sugar within a target range can reduce symptoms and prevent them from getting worse.To help control your diabetes, eat food that is good for you and exercise. Controlling diabetes means maintaining blood sugar levels (A1c) within the target range. This will do more than anything else to help prevent diabetic neuropathy from getting worse.
484.400 Swedish adults have diabetes, i.e., 7,3% of the total population. An additional 597.700 citizens (9% of the population) suffer from impaired glucose tolerance (prediabetes). This situation will deteriorate in the future, with an estimated 556.300 adult citizens with diabetes in 2030. Sweden is rated among the top 10 countries globally when looking at type 1 diabetes incidence rates. Over the past 20 years, the amount of children with diabetes has increased with 50%. 3.637 Swedish citizens die from diabetes every year.1 This is almost 10 citizens every day. Type 2 diabetes, accounting for 80-90% of all diabetes in Sweden, decreases life expectancy by 5-10 years.
A national diabetes programme and national diabetes guidelines have been developed. For over 10 years, Sweden has a National Diabetes Register (Nationella Diabetesregistret) in place to improve prevention, treatment and care for people with diabetes. Since 2008, the register widened its scope to include children. Despite the acknowledgement that immigrants and (pregnant) women are at higher risk of developing diabetes, there is no special focus on them in the diabetes guidelines. Swedish diabetes care centres all have specialised diabetes nurses to teach, distribute, and explain how medical devices function. Swedish hospitals also have special diabetes teams. All insulin-related treatments are fully reimbursed in Sweden