Restricted growth, sometimes known as dwarfism, is a condition characterised by short stature. There are two main types of restricted growth: • proportionate short stature (PSS) – a general lack of growth, where the length of the trunk and limbs are in proportion • disproportionate short stature (DSS) – where the limbs are shorter or out of proportion with other parts of the body.
This disorder usually results in the following: An average-size trunk Short arms and legs, with particularly short upper arms and upper legs Short fingers, often with a wide separation between the middle and ring fingers Limited mobility at the elbows A disproportionately large head, with a prominent forehead and a flattened bridge of the nose Progressive development of bowed legs Progressive development
Treatment may continue throughout the teen years and early adulthood to ensure adult maturation, such as appropriate gain in muscle or fat. Some individuals may need lifelong therapy. The treatment may be supplemented with other related hormones if they are also deficient.